SECTION 18.65.130 Policy.
The administration of criminal justice affects the health, safety, and welfare of the people of this state, and requires education and training of a professional quality. It is a primary public interest that applicants meet minimum standards for employment as police officers, probation and parole officers, and correctional officers, and that criminal justice education and training be made available to police officers, probation and parole officers, and correctional officers serving in a probationary capacity and police officers, probation and parole officers, and correctional officers already in regular service. It is of secondary public interest to encourage the establishment of preliminary training programs for persons seeking to become police officers, probation and parole officers, and correctional officers.
SECTION 18.65.140 Creation.
There is created in the Department of Public Safety the Alaska Police Standards Council.
SECTION 18.65.150 Composition of council.
The council consists of the following persons: (1) four chief
administrative officers or chiefs of police of local governments; (2) the commissioner of public safety or a designee of the commissioner; (3) the commissioner of corrections or a designee of the commissioner; (4) one correctional administrative officer who is employed at the level of a deputy director or higher; and (5) four members of the public at large with at least two from the communities of 2,500 population or less.
SECTION 18.65.160 Appointment.
The commissioner of public safety or a designee and the commissioner of corrections or a designee shall serve during each commissioner's continuance in office. Other members of the council shall be appointed by the governor for staggered terms of four years, except that a member may not serve beyond the time the member holds the office that established eligibility for appointment. A vacancy on the council shall be filled for the remainder of a member's unexpired term in the same manner as the original appointment.
SECTION 18.65.170 Chairman and vice chairman.
The council shall select its chairman and vice chairman annually.
SECTION 18.65.180 Holding another office.
Membership on the council does not disqualify a member from holding any other public office or employment.
SECTION 18.65.190 Compensation and expenses.
The members of the council receive no salary, but are entitled to per diem and travel expenses authorized by law for other boards and commissions.
SECTION 18.65.200 Meetings.
The council shall meet at least twice a year. The chairman shall set the time and place of the meeting, either on the chairman's own motion or on written request by any three members of the council.
SECTION 18.65.210 Reports. [Repealed, Sec. 12 ch 19 SLA 1981].
Repealed or Renumbered
SECTION 18.65.220 Powers.
The council has the power to
SECTION 18.65.225 Alaska police training fund.
- adopt regulations for the administration of AS 18.65.130 - 18.65.290;
- establish minimum standards for employment as a police officer, probation or parole officer, and correctional officer in a permanent or probationary position and certify persons to be qualified as police officers, probation or parole officers, and correctional officers under AS 18.65.130 - 18.65.290;
- establish minimum criminal justice curriculum requirements for basic, specialized, and in-service courses and programs for schools operated by or for the state or a political subdivision of the state for the specific purpose of training police recruits, police officers, probation and parole officers, and correctional officers;
- consult and cooperate with municipalities, agencies of the state, other governmental agencies, universities, colleges, and other institutions concerning the development of police, probation and parole officer, and correctional officer training schools and programs of criminal justice instruction;
- employ an administrator and other persons necessary to carry out its duties under AS 18.65.130 - 18.65.290;
- investigate when there is reason to believe that a police officer, probation or parole officer, or correctional officer does not meet the minimum standards for employment; in connection with the investigation the council may subpoena persons, books, records, or documents related to the investigation and require answers in writing under oath to questions asked by the council or the administrator;
- charge and collect a fee of $50 for processing applications for certification of police, probation, parole, and correctional officers.
The Alaska police training fund is created in the general fund. The fund consists of appropriations made by the legislature to the fund. The legislature may appropriate to the fund the annual estimated balance in the accounts maintained under AS 37.05.142 for money collected under AS 12.55.039 and AS 28.05.151. The legislature may appropriate equal amounts from the fund to the
SECTION 18.65.230 Training programs.
- Department of Public Safety for the Public Safety Training Academy, including Village Public Safety Officers, and
- Alaska Police Standards Council to provide training for the law enforcement and corrections community of the state under AS 18.65.230. Nothing in this section creates a dedicated fund.
The council shall establish and maintain police training programs, probation and parole officer training programs, and correctional training programs through those agencies and institutions that the council considers appropriate.
SECTION 18.65.240 Standards.
- A person may not be appointed as a police officer, except on a probationary basis, unless the person
- has satisfactorily completed a basic program of police training approved by the council, which includes at least 12 hours of instruction regarding domestic violence as defined in AS 18.66.990, and
- possesses other qualifications the council has established for the employment of police officers, including minimum age, education, physical and mental standards, citizenship, moral character, and experience. The council shall prescribe the means of presenting evidence of fulfillment of these requirements.
The council shall issue a certificate evidencing satisfaction of the requirements of
SECTION 18.65.242 Standards for correctional, probation, and parole officers.
- of this section to an applicant who satisfies those requirements or who satisfies the requirements of (a) (2) of this section and satisfactorily completes a program or course of instruction in another jurisdiction equivalent in content and quality to that required by the council for approved police education and training programs in this state.
- The council may deny or revoke the certificate of a police officer who does not meet the standards adopted under (a) (2) of this section.
SECTION 18.65.245 Denial or revocation of certificate of correctional,
probation, or parole officer.
- The council shall establish qualifications for employment of persons as correctional, probation, and parole officers, including
- minimum age, physical and mental standards, citizenship, moral character, and experience; and
- minimum education standards.
- The council shall
- prescribe the means of presenting evidence of fulfillment of the requirements set out in (a) of this section; and
- issue a certificate evidencing satisfaction of the requirements of (a) of this section to an applicant who
- satisfies the requirements of (a)(1) of this section; and
- meets the minimum education standards of (a)(2) of this section by satisfactorily completing a training program for correctional, probation, or parole officers established under AS 18.65.230, including training regarding domestic violence that contains the subjects set out in AS 18.66.310(d), or a course of instruction in another jurisdiction equivalent in content and quality to that required by the council for approved correctional, probation, or parole officer education and training programs in this state.
- In the evaluation of applicants against the mental standards developed under (a)(1) of this section, the council shall use evaluation methods that do not discriminate against applicants of different ethnic origins.
The council may
SECTION 18.65.248 Employment of correctional, probation, and parole officers.
- deny a certificate to an applicant for a correctional officer certificate or a probation or parole officer certificate if the applicant does not meet the standards adopted by the council under AS 18.65.242(a);
- revoke the certificate of a correctional officer or a probation or parole officer who, having been issued a certificate, fails to meet the standards adopted by the council under AS 18.65.242(a).
SECTION 18.65.250 Financial assistance.
- A person may not be appointed as a correctional officer or as a probation or parole officer unless the person has a valid certificate issued by the council under AS 18.65.242.
- The provisions of (a) of this section do not apply to a person employed on a probationary basis, except that employment on a probationary basis may not exceed the period authorized for probationary employment determined by the council.
SECTION 18.65.260 Grants.
- The Governor's Commission on the Administration of Justice has the authority to assist political subdivisions and police departments in meeting the costs involved by extending financial assistance for travel, per diem, tuition, and other costs.
- Only those political subdivisions and police departments complying with AS 18.65.130 - 18.65.290 are eligible for financial assistance authorized under AS 44.19.116. This subsection applies only to those funds made available for providing minimum police standards.
SECTION 18.65.270 Applicability of Administrative Procedure Act.
- The council may accept donations of property, both real and personal, and grants of money from a governmental unit or public agency, or from an institution or person. All money received by the council under this section shall be deposited in the state treasury to the account of the council.
- The council shall provide for and administer a funding program authorized in (a) of this section. In the administration of the program the council shall promote the most efficient and economical program for police training, including the maximum utilization of existing facilities and programs to avoid duplication.
AS 18.65.150 - 18.65.290 shall be administered in compliance with AS 44.62 (Administrative Procedure Act).
SECTION 18.65.280 Exemptions.
SECTION 18.65.285 Municipal correctional employees.
- The commissioner and deputy commissioner of public safety and the chief administrative officers of local police departments are exempt from the requirements of AS 18.65.240. However, a person appointed chief of a local police department after July 1, 1981, who performs any operational duties, shall meet the requirements of AS 18.65.240(a)(1).
- A political subdivision with an established police training program meeting the requirements of AS 18.65.220(2) and (3) may exclude itself from the requirements of AS 18.65.240 by ordinance. The exclusion has no effect on eligibility to receive federal or state grants.
A municipality that employs persons in a municipal correctional facility
may, by ordinance, require that those persons meet the requirements of AS
18.65.130 - 18.65.290 that are applicable to correctional officers.
SECTION 18.65.290 Definitions.
In AS 18.65.130 - 18.65.290,
- "chief administrative officer" means a chief of police or other official who is head of a police department in a political subdivision;
- "correctional officer" means a person appointed by the commissioner of corrections whose primary duty under AS 33.30 is to provide custody, care, security, control, and discipline of persons charged or convicted of offenses against the state or held under authority of state law;
- "council" means the Alaska Police Standards Council;
- "parole officer" means a person appointed by the commissioner of corrections to perform the duties of supervising the parole of prisoners under AS 33.16;
- "police officer" means
- an employee of the state or a local police department with the authority to arrest and issue citations; detain a person taken into custody until that person can be arraigned before a judge or magistrate; conduct investigations of violations of and enforce criminal laws, regulations, and traffic laws; search with or without a warrant persons, dwellings, and other forms of property for evidence of a crime; carry a concealed weapon; and take other action consistent with exercise of these enumerated powers when necessary to maintain the public peace;
- an officer or employee of the Department of Transportation and Public Facilities who is stationed at an international airport and has been designated to have the general police powers authorized under AS 02.15.230(a);
- a University of Alaska public safety officer with general police powers authorized under AS 14.40.043;
- "probation officer" means a person appointed by the commissioner of corrections to perform the duties of a probation officer under AS 33.05.